The Writings And Speeches Of Oliver Cromwell: Volume IV: The Protectorate 1655-1658

The Writings And Speeches Of Oliver Cromwell Volume IV The Protectorate This fourth and fullest of Abbott s volumes on Oliver Cromwell covers the last three years of his life from the autumn of to his death in September Throughout this time he ruled as Protec

  • Title: The Writings And Speeches Of Oliver Cromwell: Volume IV: The Protectorate 1655-1658
  • Author: Oliver Cromwell
  • ISBN: 9780198217749
  • Page: 410
  • Format: Hardcover
  • This fourth, and fullest, of Abbott s volumes on Oliver Cromwell covers the last three years of his life, from the autumn of 1655 to his death in September 1658 Throughout this time he ruled as Protector, although he apparently came close to taking the crown during the kingship crisis of 1657, when parliament, in replacing the Instrument of Government by the traditThis fourth, and fullest, of Abbott s volumes on Oliver Cromwell covers the last three years of his life, from the autumn of 1655 to his death in September 1658 Throughout this time he ruled as Protector, although he apparently came close to taking the crown during the kingship crisis of 1657, when parliament, in replacing the Instrument of Government by the traditional constitution of the Humble Petition, demonstrated that a conservative reaction was emerging in Cromwell s last years Abroad, England s war with Spain produced Blake s exploits in the Mediterranean and the capture of Dunkirk for the English by the Anglo French force At home the problem of giving stability and constitutional respectablility to Puritan rule remained unresolved, but Cromwell s own stature emerges vividly from this record of his writings and speeches They provide invaluable insights into the personality of one of the most complex and controversial characters in English history.

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      Published :2020-01-25T08:47:55+00:00

    About " Oliver Cromwell "

  • Oliver Cromwell

    Oliver Cromwell 25 April 1599 3 September 1658 was an English military and political leader and later Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland.Born into the middle gentry, Cromwell was relatively obscure for the first 40 years of his life After undergoing a religious conversion in the 1630s, he became an independent puritan, taking a generally but not completely tolerant view towards the many Protestant sects of his period An intensely religious man a self styled Puritan Moses he fervently believed that God was guiding his victories He was elected Member of Parliament for Huntingdon in 1628 and for Cambridge in the Short 1640 and Long 1640 49 Parliaments He entered the English Civil War on the side of the Roundheads or Parliamentarians Nicknamed Old Ironsides , he was quickly promoted from leading a single cavalry troop to become one of the principal commanders of the New Model Army, playing an important role in the defeat of the royalist forces.Cromwell was one of the signatories of King Charles I s death warrant in 1649, and, as a member of the Rump Parliament 1649 53 , he dominated the short lived Commonwealth of England He was selected to take command of the English campaign in Ireland in 1649 50 Cromwell s forces defeated the Confederate and Royalist coalition in Ireland and occupied the country bringing to an end the Irish Confederate Wars During this period a series of Penal Laws were passed against Roman Catholics a significant minority in England and Scotland but the vast majority in Ireland , and a substantial amount of their land was confiscated Cromwell also led a campaign against the Scottish army between 1650 and 1651.On 20 April 1653 he dismissed the Rump Parliament by force, setting up a short lived nominated assembly known as the Barebones Parliament, before being invited by his fellow leaders to rule as Lord Protector of England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland from 16 December 1653 As a ruler he executed an aggressive and effective foreign policy After his death from natural causes in 1658 he was buried in Westminster Abbey, but after the Royalists returned to power in 1660 they had his corpse dug up, hung in chains, and beheaded.Cromwell is one of the most controversial figures in the history of the British Isles, considered a regicidal dictator by historians such as David Hume, a military dictator by Winston Churchill, but a hero of liberty by Thomas Carlyle and Samuel Rawson Gardiner In a 2002 BBC poll in Britain, Cromwell was selected as one of the ten greatest Britons of all time However, his measures against Catholics in Scotland and Ireland have been characterised as genocidal or near genocidal, and in Ireland his record is harshly criticised.

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